Heroin: Capitals of Production
There is a clear “winner” in this category. Afghanistan produced 6,900 metric tonnes (mt) – around 90% – of the world’s heroin in 2009. Although that figure fell by up to 48% in 2010 because of crop blight, the UN estimates that more than 12,000 tonnes of Afghan opium have been stock-piled, which is enough to supply the market for 2.5 years.
It’s impossible to make money from conventional agriculture because the country’s infrastructure was laid to waste when the Russians pulled out of Afghanistan in 1989. Railways and roads were destroyed and no money has been put into restoring them as the country has been at war the whole time.
Although Afghanistan dominates heroin production, large quantities are produced in Myanmar (around 330 mt a year) and in Latin America, notably in Colombia and Mexico. Since 2003, Mexico has been the world’s third largest source of opium, producing around 325 mt.
Colombian traffickers produce most of the world’s cocaine, although between 2000 and 2009, the area under coca cultivation in Colombia decreased by 58%, mainly due to eradication by the Government. At the same time, coca cultivation increased by 38% in Peru and more than doubled in Bolivia (up 112%).
Cannabis: Capitals of Production
Cannabis is the world’s most widely used drug. It is grown all over the world, and smoked by 130-190 million people. The biggest exporters are Afghanistan and Morocco, but the UN found evidence of indoor cultivation in 29 countries, particularly in Europe, Australia and North America.
Brian Shapiro, from DrugScope, said: “Globally, a lot more cannabis is home-grown than was the case 10 years ago. We first saw the emergence of cannabis farms in Canada and the US, producing potent forms. Now in the UK, these farms, run by Vietnamese gangsters, are producing about 75% of cannabis on the market.”
Amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) can be made anywhere the precursor chemicals can be found, so manufacturing happens close to markets. The UN found the largest number of illicit laboratories in the US, the Czech Republic, Australia, China, Slovakia, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Canada and Mexico.
The ATS market is harder to track because of short trafficking routes and the fact many raw materials are both legal and readily available. Manufacturers are quick to market new products like ketamine, piperazines, Mephedrone and Spice and exploit new markets.
Money , money, money tucked in a shiny sub-zero case all rubber band together don’t care, nor where does it go as long as it grows. The market place the 4 corners of the globe, from the cities to the small country towns a fight for control. The greed and raping is destroying society, whats funny here is with the rubber band money you will never see a luggage rack on top of a Hurst, at their funereal.
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