Hubble Birds-Eye View

Hubble's High-Definition Panoramic View of the Andromeda Galaxy

Hubble’s High-Definition Panoramic View of the Andromeda Galaxy

 

Fr The Hubble Site:

Jan 5th 2014

The largest NASA Hubble Space Telescope image ever assembled, this sweeping bird’s-eye view of a portion of the Andromeda galaxy (M31) is the sharpest large composite image ever taken of our galactic next-door neighbor. Though the galaxy is over 2 million light-years away, the Hubble telescope is powerful enough to resolve individual stars in a 61,000-light-year-long stretch of the galaxy’s pancake-shaped disk. It’s like photographing a beach and resolving individual grains of sand. And, there are lots of stars in this sweeping view — over 100 million, with some of them in thousands of star clusters seen embedded in the disk.

This ambitious photographic cartography of the Andromeda galaxy represents a new benchmark for precision studies of large spiral galaxies that dominate the universe’s population of over 100 billion galaxies. Never before have astronomers been able to see individual stars inside an external spiral galaxy over such a large contiguous area. Most of the stars in the universe live inside such majestic star cities, and this is the first data that reveal populations of stars in context to their home galaxy.

Hubble discovers Wind at 2 Million mph

Milky Way Core Drives Wind at 2 Million mph

Milky Way Core Drives Wind at 2 Million mph

At a time when our earliest human ancestors had recently mastered walking upright, the heart of our Milky Way galaxy underwent a titanic eruption, driving gases and other material outward at 2 million miles per hour.

Now, at least 2 million years later, astronomers are witnessing the aftermath of the explosion: billowing clouds of gas towering about 30,000 light-years above and below the plane of our galaxy.

The enormous structure was discovered five years ago as a gamma-ray glow on the sky in the direction of the galactic center. The balloon-like features have since been observed in X-rays and radio waves. But astronomers needed NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope to measure for the first time the velocity and composition of the mystery lobes. They now seek to calculate the mass of the material being blown out of our galaxy, which could lead them to determine the outburst’s cause from several competing scenarios.  (full story Hubble Site)

Dark Matter

Hubble Finds Ring of Dark Matter

Hubble Finds Ring of Dark Matter

This rich galaxy cluster, cataloged as Cl 0024+17, is allowing astronomers to probe the distribution of dark matter in space. The blue streaks near the center of the image are the smeared images of very distant galaxies that are not part of the cluster. The distant galaxies appear distorted because their light is being bent and magnified by the powerful gravity of Cl 0024+17, an effect called gravitational lensing.

Dark Energy

Dark Energy

Dark matter cannot be seen because it does not shine or reflect light. Astronomers can only detect its influence by how its gravity affects light. By mapping the distorted light created by gravitational lensing, astronomers can trace how dark matter is distributed in the cluster. While mapping the dark matter, astronomers found a dark-matter ring near the cluster’s center. The ring’s discovery is among the strongest evidence that dark matter exists.

Orion Nebula in 4K

This image of the Messier 42 (M42) or the Orion Nebula is one of Hubble’s sharpest and clearest images ever taken at a resolution of 18000×18000 pixels. TIFF file about 385 MB!

From Galileo’s birth of 1564 we arrive at today 451 years later, wonder what Galileo Galilei would think!

Video uploaded by U Tube user OrionnebelGalaxie17

Hubble Hangout

If you’re planning on being in New York City anytime soon, the coolest place to visit for Hubble Huggers is the #Hubble @25 exhibit currently on display at the Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum

Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum

Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum

Commemorating the 25th anniversary of the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, this exhibition showcases the history of this project and reveals its unparalleled scientific achievements through original artifacts, stellar photographs, Hubble produced images and immersive environments.

Please join Tony Darnell, Dr Carol Christian and Scott Lewis, as we talk with co-curators Eric Boehm, former astronaut Mike Massimino and members of the Intrepid STEM team to discuss the exhibit and #STEM efforts being produced.

Tony Darnell brings out a great Podcast in this take with Mike Massimino: (born August 19, 1962) is an American engineer and former NASA astronaut who is now a professor of mechanical engineering at Columbia University.  Massimino is a veteran of two Space Shuttle missions, both of which serviced the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), including the historic final repair mission.

Mike is quite the character and the rest of the case just made this Podcast fun, have a look Mate.

Video uploaded by U Tube user Hubble Space Telescope

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Hubble, Billions of Galaxies but one Home

Earth 900 million miles away

Earth 900 million miles away

The image taken by Cassini on July 19. Saturn was back-lit by the sun, giving Cassini the opportunity to take photos of the planet’s rings.  The spacecraft was in position to also take photos of Earth from approximately 900 million miles away.  Cassini beamed the first raw images to Earth on July 20, giving a preliminary look at Earth from Saturn.

Billions of galaxies and 1000s of habitable planets, but we only inhabit Earth (for now) that small spec as seen from Saturn.

State of Texas at night

State of Texas at night

It seems that nature mimics matter in all sizes, from any creatures DNA to the cosmos threads of galaxies throughout the universe.  In this photo above taken by NASA Expedition 36 Crew, the state of Texas at night resembles this same engineering of just millions of people building,  as if you were peering into far off galaxies and their neighbors.

Hubble Space Telescope has served humanity like a Mariner explorer at sea.  Billions of galaxies and many planets discovered in the Goldilocks zone.  With the infinite options we only have one home.  This film is basically an educational, calculation of the vastness of the universe and lone occupation of Earth.  From the dawn of time, we’ve been exploring the Heavens.  Thanks to Explorer Hubble, we’ve been able to peer deep space.  Science discoveries keep advancing us every higher and the exploration of matter we plunge ever deeper where the physics of both scales reach infinity.  Understanding matter the building blocks,  will be the Holy Grail for humanity,  the engineering on a microscopic level will lead to the advancement of space travel for our backyard is measured in light years.  Nothing as close as your neighborhood drive through but working on how to travel through all that space,  we have a decent map so far,  just need a ride.

The faces accompanying Elbert Einstein at time stamp 2:00 min in the vid are,  Isaac Newton and Galileo Galilei.

Video uploaded by U Tube user rightwiththeship

Hubble From the Power Comes the Change 1080p HD

The Hubble Space Telescope (HST)

From Wikipedia:

Is a space telescope that was carried into orbit by the space shuttle in 1990. Although not the first space telescope, Hubble is one of the largest and most versatile, and is well-known as both a vital research tool and a public relations boon for astronomy.

The HST was built by the United States space agency NASA, with contributions from the European Space Agency, and is operated by the Space Telescope Science Institute. It is named after the astronomer Edwin Hubble.

The HST is one of NASA’s Great Observatories, along with the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, the Chandra X-ray Observatory, and the Spitzer Space Telescope.Space telescopes were proposed as early as 1923.

Hubble was funded in the 1970s, with a proposed launch in 1983, but the project was beset by technical delays, budget problems, and the Challenger disaster. When finally launched in 1990, scientists found that the main mirror had been ground incorrectly, severely compromising the telescope’s capabilities.

However, after a servicing mission in 1993, the telescope was restored to its intended quality. Hubble’s orbit outside the distortion of Earth’s atmosphere allows it to take extremely sharp images with almost no background light. Hubble’s Ultra Deep Field image, for instance, is the most detailed visible-light image ever made of the universe’s most distant objects.

Many Hubble observations have led to breakthroughs in astrophysics, such as accurately determining the rate of expansion of the universe.Hubble is the only telescope ever designed to be serviced in space by astronauts. Four servicing missions were performed from 1993 to 2002, but the fifth was canceled on safety grounds following the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.

However, after spirited public discussion, NASA administrator Mike Griffin approved one final servicing mission, completed in 2009. The telescope is now expected to function until at least 2014, when its ‘successor’, the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), is due to be launched.

General information NSSDC ID 1990-037B

Organization NASA / ESA / STScI

Launch date April 24, 1990, 8:33:51 am

EDT Launch vehicle Space Shuttle Discovery, (STS-31)

Mission length 20 years, 6 months, and 25 days elapsed

Deorbited due ~2013–2021

Mass 11,110 kg (24,500 lb)

Type of orbit Near-circular low Earth orbit

Orbit height 559 km (347 mi)

Orbit period 96–97 minutes (14-15 periods per day)

Orbit velocity 7,500 m/s (25,000 ft/s)

Acceleration due to gravity 8.169 m/s2 (26.80 ft/s2)

Location Low Earth orbit

Telescope style Ritchey-Chrétien reflector

Wavelength Optical, ultraviolet, near-infrared

Diameter 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in)

Collecting area 4.5 m2 (48 sq ft)Focal length 57.6 m (189 ft)

Instruments NICMOS infrared camera/spectrometer

ACS optical survey camera(partially failed)

WFC3 wide field optical camera

COS ultraviolet spectrograph

STIS optical spectrometer/camera

FGS three fine guidance sensors

Website- hubble.nasa.gov

hubblesite.org

www.spacetelescope.org

Hubble Story

A journey of Hubble through space and time.

The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope is one of the biggest scientific projects of all time.  To mark the 15th anniversary on 24 April 2005, the European Space Agency presented a series of unique activities in collaboration with partners all over Europe.

Hubble esa

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Dancing with the stars

From the editor Violine:

Data & Animations Nasa Hubble Space Telescope. The galaxies, containing a vast number of stars, swing past each other in a graceful performance choreographed by gravity.  I wanted to combine this wonderful song to these splendid animations that I had in files for a while.  I hope you will enjoy it !

Metallica 

Guitar skins Wrap Edge 

Video uploaded by U Tube user