Mars Settlement 2023

Mars One will settle men on Mars in 2023 – Press Release

mars-one
Dutch company reveals plans to organize a manned mission to Mars AMERSFOORT, THE NETHERLANDS, 31 May 2012 – Today Mars One announced its plan to establish a human settlement on Mars in 2023. Every two years after that a new crew will join the settlement. Mars One has contacted established aerospace suppliers from around the world that can supply all the mission components, and received letters of interest from these companies. Mars One will involve mankind as the mission’s audience, creating a worldwide media event around the first manned flight to and settlement on Mars.Mars One has designed a manned mission to Mars that has as little complexity as possible. The most important simplification is that the crew will emigrate to Mars. They will spend the rest of their lives living and working on Mars. While sustaining human life on Mars is not trivial, it is far easier and safer than bringing the crew back to Earth. If the astronauts had to return to Earth after their visit to Mars, a fully functional and fueled return rocket would have to be constructed on Mars without any human supervision, which is extremely complex and expensive. Instead, Mars One will provide the first and subsequent crews with water, food and oxygen by mining resources from Mars’ soil and atmosphere.All components required to complete the mission can currently be built by existing suppliers. Mars One has visited a variety of companies that together can deliver the complete package. Among the companies we visited are: ILC Dover, MDA Information Systems, Paragon Space Development, Space Exploration Technologies, Surrey Satellite Technology and Thales Alenia Space. Mars One has received letters of interest from each one.To finance the mission, Mars One will create an international media event around the project. The audience will help decide as the teams of settlers are selected, follow their extensive training and preparation for the mission and observe their settling on Mars once arrived. The astronauts will share their experiences as they build their new home, conduct experiments and explore. The mission itself will provide scientific and social knowledge that will be accessible to everyone. Mars One is looking for corporate sponsors and investors.Bas Lansdorp, M.Sc, co-founder: “Since its conceptualization, Mars One has evolved from a bold idea to an ambitious but feasible plan. Just about everyone we speak to is amazed by how realistic our plan is. The next step is introducing the project to the world and securing sponsors and investors. Human exploration of Mars will be the most exciting adventure mankind has embarked upon in decades. It will inspire a new generation of engineers, inventors, artists and scientists. It will create breakthroughs in recycling, life support and solar power systems. It will create a new generation of heroes – the first explorers to go to Mars will step straight into the history books. Finally, we expect it to capture an audience of millions, culminating in several billion online spectators when the first crew lands on Mars.”Mars One has support and backing of several well-known and respected ambassadors:Professor Dr. Gerard ‘t Hooft, 1999 Nobel Prize winner of Physics: “This project seems to me to be the only way to fulfill dreams of mankind’s expansion into space. It sounds like an amazingly fascinating experiment. Let’s get started!

Paul Römer, inventor of Big Brother: “This mission to Mars can be the biggest media event in the world. Reality meets talent show with no ending and the whole world watching. Now there’s a good pitch!

Gerard Blaauw, Chairman of the Netherlands Space Society: “Mars One’s visionary idea to combine media and aerospace in such an innovative way means it is possible! True breakthroughs come from interweaving divergent domains, and that is what is happening here!

Mary Roach, Writer: “Even before the Mars One team wrote to me, a manned Mars mission had struck me as the ultimate reality television event, and thus an unbeatable funding opportunity. For unlike so much of the “reality” television that exists now, here there would be no need to make up events to add drama, duress, and psychological tension. This mission on its own provides all of that.

About Mars One

Mars One is a non-government, private organization whose intent is to establish a colony on Mars through the integration of existing, readily available technologies from industry leaders world-wide. Unique in its approach, Mars One intends to fund this decade-long endeavor through an interactive, reality TV style broadcast from astronaut selection to robotic construction of the outpost; from the seven month flight through the first years on Mars.

Mars One Issues Requirements For 2013 Astronaut Selection

Mars One Issues Requirements For 2013 Astronaut Selection

AMERSFOORT, THE NETHERLANDS, 08 JANUARY 2013 – Mars One, a not-for-profit organization which plans to establish a human settlement on Mars in 2023, today issued the base requirements for its pending Astronaut Selection Program. This establishes the first step toward the global selection process which will commence in the first half of 2013.

Unique to all other space exploration endeavors before it, Mars One is opening the astronaut program to anyone on planet Earth that meets the base criteria. It is not necessary to have military training nor experience in flying aircraft nor even a science degree. It is most important that each applicant be intelligent, in good mental and physical health, and be willing to dedicate eight years to training and learning before making the journey to his or her new home on Mars.

Norbert Kraft, former Sr. Research Associate at NASA and Chief Medical Director for Mars One states, “In my former work with NASA we established strict criteria for the selection and training of astronauts on long duration space flights. Gone are the days when bravery and the number of hours flying a supersonic jet were the top criteria. Now, we are more concerned with how well each astronaut works and lives with the others, in the long journey from Earth to Mars and for a lifetime of challenges ahead. Psychological stability, the ability to be at your best when things are at their worst is what Mars One is looking for. If you are the kind of person that everyone chooses to have on their island, then we want you to apply too.

Applicants need to be at least 18 years of age, have a deep sense of purpose, willingness to build and maintain healthy relationships, the capacity for self-reflection and ability to trust. They must be resilient, adaptable, curious, creative and resourceful. Mars One is not seeking specific skill sets such as medical doctors, pilots or geologists. Rather, candidates will receive a minimum of eight years extensive training while employed by Mars One. While any formal education or real-world experience can be an asset, all skills required on Mars will be learned while in training.

Suzanne Flinkenflögel, Director of Communications at Mars One offers, “Well before the official Astronaut Selection Program, we received more than one thousand emails from individuals who desire to go to Mars. While they may not yet realize the incredible challenges that lay ahead, this show of support for a global selection campaign is so important to us. We are working hard to launch our selection campaign as soon as possible, to open the doors to everyone who aspires to do something tremendous in their lifetime.

The Mars One Foundation will employ the astronauts during their Earth-based training and life on Mars and will be the manager of the simulation bases on Earth and the human settlement on Mars. Eight robotic cargo missions (2016-2021) will establish a habitable settlement which will welcome the humans upon their arrival to Mars. The final Astronaut candidates will be selected from the global applications through a combination of critical review by Mars One experts and a global, televised program which ultimately selects which set of four astronauts from those assembled will be the first to go to Mars.

To learn more about the selection criteria, visit www.thenextgiantleap.com.

Video uploaded by U Tube user MarsOneProject

Mars One

Terraforming Mars

terraformedMars

Mars is a planet that’s been freeze-dried and bathed in ultraviolet radiation for billions of years.  The average temperature is 63C below zero.  The carbon dioxide atmosphere is as thin as it would be on a mountain three times the height of Mount Everest,  yet NASA scientist Chris McKay thinks humans may one day be living on a Mars with blue skies, oceans, rivers,  and pine forests.  Although that day may be hundreds of years in the future, if money were no object he believes we could do it now, with present day technology.  Award winning writer/producer Mark Davis and legendary Mars animator Dan Maas collaborate with McKay on the first in-depth visualisation of what it would take to turn a cold, dead red planet into a green, living world.

Video uploaded by U Tube user AureliusQ

Would That Not Be Nice

Terraforming other planets in other Star-systems:

At 10% Lightspeed a voyage to nearby stars would still take a century,  so people would either have to hibernate  (Sleeper ship)  or live full lives onboard  (Generation ship)

Well here’s a tune for the next generation that will under take this settlement for mankind.

“Would That Not Be Nice” by Divine FitsDyriia_Mars_Terraforming

Video uploaded by U Tube user Divine Fits

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Curiosity Lands on Mars!

From NASA:

If a group of tourists piled out of a transport vehicle onto the surface of Mars, they’d no doubt start snapping pictures wildly. NASA’s Curiosity rover, set to touch down on the Red Planet the evening of Aug. 5 PDT (early morning EDT), will take a more careful approach to capturing its first scenic views.

The car-size rover’s very first images will come from the one-megapixel Hazard-Avoidance cameras (Hazcams) attached to the body of the rover. Once engineers have determined that it is safe to deploy the rover’s Remote Sensing Mast and its high-tech cameras, a process that may take several days, Curiosity will begin to survey its exotic surroundings.

“A set of low-resolution gray-scale Hazcam images will be acquired within minutes of landing on the surface,” said Justin Maki of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. “Once all of the critical systems have been checked out by the engineering team and the mast is deployed, the rover will image the landing site with higher-resolution cameras.”

Maki led the development of Curiosity’s 12 engineering cameras — eight Hazcams at the front and back of the rover, and four Navigation cameras (Navcams) at the top of the rover’s “look-out” mast. All the engineering cameras acquire black-and-white pictures from left and right stereo “eyes,” which are merged to provide three-dimensional information. Half of the cameras are backups, meaning there’s one set for each of the rover’s A- and B-side redundant computers.

The very first images are likely to arrive more than two hours after landing, due to the timing of NASA’s signal-relaying Odyssey orbiter. They will be captured with the left and right Hazcams at the back and front of the rover, and they will not yet be full-resolution (the two images arriving on Earth first are “thumbnail” copies, which are 64 by 64 pixels in size). The Hazcams are equipped with very wide-angle, fish eye lenses, initially capped with clear dust covers. The covers are designed to protect the cameras from dust that may be kicked up during landing; they are clear just in case they don’t pop off as expected.

These first views will give engineers a good idea of what surrounds Curiosity, as well as its location and tilt. “Ensuring that the rover is on stable ground is important before raising the rover’s mast,” said Mission Manager Jennifer Trosper at JPL. “We are using an entirely new landing system on this mission, so we are proceeding with caution.”

Color pictures from the rover’s Mars Descent Imager, or MARDI, acquired as the rover descends to the Martian surface, will help pinpoint the rover’s location. Initial images from MARDI are expected to be released Aug. 6, the day after landing. These will also be in the form of thumbnails (in the case of the science cameras, thumbnails can vary in size, with the largest being 192 pixels wide by 144 pixels high). One full-resolution image may also be returned at this time.

Additional color views of the planet’s surface are expected the morning of Aug. 7 from the Mars Hand Lens Imager, or MAHLI, one of five devices on the rover’s Inspector Gadget-like arm. The camera is designed to take close-up pictures of rocks and soil, but can also take images out to the horizon. When Curiosity lands and its arm is still stowed, the instrument will be pointed to the side, allowing it to capture an initial color view of the Gale Crater area.

Once Curiosity’s mast is standing tall, the Navcams will begin taking one-megapixel stereo pictures 360 degrees around the rover as well as images of the rover deck. These cameras have medium-angle, 45-degree fields of views and could resolve the equivalent of a golf ball lying 82 feet (25 meters) away. They are designed to survey the landscape fairly quickly, and, not only can they look all around but also up and down. Navigation camera pictures are expected to begin arriving on Earth about three days after landing if the mast is deployed on schedule.

Like the Hazcams, Navcam images are used to obtain three-dimensional information about the Martian terrain. Together, they help the scientists and engineers make decisions about where and how to drive the rover and which rocks to examine with instruments that identify chemical ingredients. “A large part of the surface mission is conducted using the images returned from the cameras,” said Maki.

Also, about three days after landing, the narrower field-of-view Mast Cameras (Mastcams) are expected to start snapping their first shots. These two-megapixel color cameras will reveal the rover’s new home in exquisite detail. Small thumbnail versions of the pictures will be sent down first with an initial high-resolution panorama expected more than a week later.

The camera of the Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) instrument will provide a telescopic view of targets at a distance.

As the mission progresses, the entire suite of cameras and science instruments will work together to hunt for clues to the mystery of Mars and help answer the long-standing puzzle of whether our next-door-neighbor planet has ever offered environmental conditions favorable for microbial life.

NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory and its Curiosity rover are a project of NASA’s Science Mission Directorate. The mission is managed by JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. Curiosity was designed, developed and assembled at JPL.

To view Curiosity’s latest images, visit http://www.nasa.gov/  also at http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/multimedia/raw/ 

Touchdown

The Rover Curiosity, NASA’s newest and largest ever rover touched down on Mars today, August 6th 2012 with touchdown being confirmed at 06:32 UTC. Touchdown of course occurred 14 minutes earlier but due to the 14 minute delay in signals reaching Earth took longer to be confirmed.

Immediately after touchdown the teams celebrated as images from the Rovers cameras began down linking, confirming wheels down and contact made with Mars!

Get a behind the scenes look a the tension, anticipation and exhilaration experienced by scientists and engineers at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. during the Curiosity rover’s harrowing descent through the Martian atmosphere — known as “Seven
Minutes of Terror.” News of Curiosity’s safe touchdown following the 13-thousand-to-zero-mile-an-hour descent to the Red Planet’s surface brought elation and high-fives all around. Curiosity begins a two-year investigation of whether Mars is or ever was capable of supporting 
microbial life.

Video uploaded by U Tube user  

Curiosity’s Descent

The Curiosity Mars Descent Imager (MARDI) captured the rover’s descent to the surface of the Red Planet. The instrument shot 4 fps video from heat shield separation to the ground.

video uploaded by U Tube user 

Category: of Cameras on Board

What the cameras can see and do,  just hover over the image.

Update

August 09, 2012

PASADENA, Calif. – The first images from Curiosity’s color Mast Camera, or Mastcam, have been received by scientists at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif.  The 130 low-resolution thumbnails, which were received Thursday morning, provide scientists and engineers of NASA’s newest Mars rover their first color, horizon-to-horizon glimpse of Gale Crater.

“After a year in cold storage, where it endured the rigors of launch, the deep space cruise to Mars and everything that went on during landing, it is great to see our camera is working as planned,” said Mike Malin, principal investigator of the Mastcam instrument from Malin Space Science Systems in San Diego.  “As engaging as this color panorama is, it is important to note this is only one-eighth the potential of images from this camera.”

Update: Nov 30 2012

NASA’s Mars Curiosity rover team member gives an update on developments and status of the planetary exploration mission.   The rover will conduct a nearly two-year prime mission to investigate whether the Gale Crater region of Mars ever offered conditions favorable for microbial life.

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Photos at NASA  JPL

Incoming! Curiosity

The flight team continues to monitor the Mars Science Laboratory spacecraft’s telemetry and track its trajectory.  There are no real-time spacecraft activities planned today.  Late tomorrow night, the spacecraft is scheduled to perform its fourth and smallest trajectory correction maneuver,  which will mark the beginning of MSL’s final approach to Mars.

The Mars Science Laboratory, the hardest mission ever attempted in planetary robotic exploration is about to prove its mettle with the landing of its Curiosity rover on the Red Planet. Live coverage begins at 11:30 p.m. Eastern on NASA TV.

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Landing Site

The area where NASA’s Curiosity rover will land on Aug. 5 PDT (Aug. 6 EDT) has a geological diversity that scientists are eager to investigate, as seen in this false-color map based on data from NASA’s Mars Odyssey orbiter.  The image was obtained by Odyssey’s Thermal Emission Imaging System.  It merges topographical data with thermal inertia data that record the ability of the surface to hold onto heat.

The yellow oval shows the elliptical landing target for Curiosity’s landing site.

An alluvial fan is visible around a crater to the northwest of the landing area.  A series of undulating lines traveling southeast from the crater indicates similar material moving down a slope.  The material, which appears bluish-green in this image, also forms a fan shape.

An area in red indicates a surface material that is more tightly cemented together than rocks around it and likely has a high concentration of minerals.  An attractive interpretation for this texture is that water could have been present there some time in the past.

Curiosity is expected to land within the large Gale Crater.  The rim of a smaller crater (about a half mile, or 1 kilometer, in diameter) inside of Gale is visible at the bottom right of the image.

video uploaded by U Tube user 

Landing Sky Show

On the same night Curiosity lands on Mars, a “Martian Triangle” will appear in sunset skies of Earth.  The first-magnitude apparition on August 5th gives space fans something to do while they wait for news from the Red Planet.

Curiosity

Video uploaded by U Tube user 

Mars Exploration Who wants to Go?

Exploration of Mars: From Wikipedia

The exploration of Mars has been an important part of the space exploration programs of the Soviet Union, the United States, Europe, and Japan. Dozens of robotic spacecraft, including orbiters, landers, and rovers, have been launched toward Mars since the 1960s.

These missions were aimed at gathering data about current conditions and answering questions about the history of Mars as well as a preparation for a possible human mission to Mars. The questions raised by the scientific community are expected to not only give a better appreciation of the red planet but also yield further insight into the past, and possible future, of Earth.

The exploration of Mars has come at a considerable financial cost with roughly two-thirds of all spacecraft destined for Mars failing before completing their missions, with some failing before they even begin. Such a high failure rate can be attributed to the complexity and large number of variables involved in an interplanetary journey, and has led researchers to jokingly speak of  The Great Galactic Ghoul  which subsists on a diet of Mars probes, this phenomenon is also informally known as the Mars Curse.

As of January 2011, there is one functioning piece of equipment on the surface of Mars beaming signals back to Earth: the Opportunity rover. In October 2009, an agreement was signed between United States’ space agency, NASA, and Europe’s space agency, ESA in order to increase cooperation and expand collective capabilities, resources and expertise to continue the exploration of Mars; this agreement is named the Mars Exploration Joint Initiative (MEJI).

Mars Curse:

The high failure rate of missions launched from Earth attempting to explore Mars has become informally known as the “Mars Curse”. The “Galactic Ghoul” is a fictional space monster that consumes Mars probes, a term coined in 1997 by Time Magazine journalist Donald Neff.

Of 38 launches from Earth in an attempt to reach the planet, only 19 succeeded, a success rate of 50%. Twelve of the missions included attempts to land on the surface, but only seven transmitted data after landing.The majority of the failed missions occurred in the early years of space exploration and were part of the Soviet and later Russian Mars probe program that suffered several technical difficulties, other than the largely successful Venera program for the exploration of Venus.Modern missions have an improved success rate; however, the challenge, complexity and length of the missions make it inevitable that failures will occur.

The U.S. NASA Mars exploration program has had a somewhat better record of success in Mars exploration, achieving success in 13 out of 20 missions launched (a 65% success rate), and succeeding in six out of seven (an 86% success rate) of the launches of Mars landers.Manned mission to Mars:A manned mission to Mars has been the subject of science fiction, engineering, and scientific proposals throughout the 20th century and into the 21st century.

The plans comprise proposals not only to land on, but eventually also settle the planet Mars, its moons, Phobos & Deimos and terraform the planet. Preliminary work for missions has been undertaken since the 1950s, with planned missions typically taking place 10 to 30 years in the future.

The list of manned Mars mission plans in the 20th century shows the various mission proposals that have been put forth by multiple organizations and space agencies in this field of space exploration.In 2004 the U.S. administration announced a new Vision for Space Exploration naming a manned Mars mission as one of its milestones. No concrete plan has been decided upon, and the proposal is currently being discussed between politicians, scientists, space advocates and in the public. In 2010, a new bill was signed allowing for a manned Mars mission by the 2030s.

Challenges:

There are several key challenges that a human mission to Mars must overcome:

1. physical effects of exposure to high-energy cosmic rays and other ionizing radiation

2. physical effects of a prolonged low-gravity environment

3. physical effects of a prolonged low-light environment

4. psychological effects of isolation from Earth

5. psychological effects of lack of community due to lack of real-time connections with Earth

6. social effects of several humans living under crowded conditions for over one Earth year

7. inaccessibility of terrestrial medical facilities

Some of these issues were estimated statistically in the HUMEX study. Ehlmann and others have reviewed political and economic concerns, as well as technological and biological feasibility aspects.While fuel for roundtrip travel could be a challenge, methane and oxygen can be produced utilizing Martian H2O (preferably as water ice instead of chemically bound water) and atmospheric CO2 with mature technology.

One of the main considerations for traveling to Mars from Earth or vice versa is the energy needed to transfer between their orbits. Every 26 Earth months a lower energy transfer from Earth to Mars opens, so missions are typically planned to coincide with one of these windows. In addition, the low-energy windows varies higher or lower on roughly a 15 year cycle. For example, there was a minimum in the 1969 and 1971 launch windows, rising to a peak in the late 70s, and hitting another low in 1986 and 1988, and then repeating on the same interval.

Mars to Stay:

Mars to Stay is the proposal that astronauts sent to Mars for the first time should stay there indefinitely, both to reduce mission cost and to ensure permanent settlement of Mars. Among many other notable Mars to Stay advocates, former Apollo astronaut Buzz Aldrin has been particularly outspoken, suggesting in numerous forums “Forget the Moon, Let’s Head to Mars!” The Mars Underground, Mars Homestead Foundation, and Mars Artists Community have also adopted Mars to Stay policy initiatives.

The earliest formal outline of a Mars to Stay mission architecture was given at the Case for Mars VI Workshop in 1990, during a presentation by George Herbert titled “One Way to Mars.”

Original Aldrin Plan:

Under a Mars to Stay mission architecture the first humans to travel to Mars would be composed of a six-person team. After this initial landing subsequent missions over five years will raise the number of persons on the Martian surface to 30, thereby beginning an organically evolving Martian settlement.

Since the Martian surface offers all the natural resources and elements necessary to sustain human society—unlike, for example the moon—a permanent Martian settlement is thought to be the most effective way to ensure humankind becomes a space-faring, multi-planet species. Through the use of digital fabricators and in vitro fertilization it is assumed a permanent human settlement on Mars can grow organically from an original thirty to forty pioneers.

A Mars exploration program following Aldrin’s Mars to Stay initiative would enlist astronauts in the following timeline:

* Age 30: an offer to help settle Mars is extended to select pioneers

* Age 30-35: training and social conditioning for long-duration isolation and time-delay communications

* Age 35: launch three married couples to Mars; followed in subsequent years by a dozen or more couples

* Age 35-65: development of sheltered underground living spaces; artificial insemination ensures genetic diversity

* Age 65: an offer to return to Earth or retire on Mars is given to first generation settler’s Aldrin has said, “…who knows what advances will have taken place. The first generation can retire there, or maybe we can bring them back.”

Video provided by maasdigital

Nice work gentlemen great animation

Mark-mb productions